Statistics About Sexual Assault

SEXUAL ASSAULT

1 in 5 women, and 1 in 20 men, have experienced sexual violence since the age of 15 years.

(Australian Bureau of Statistics Personal Safety Survey, 2006)

Intimate partner violence is the leading contributor of preventable death, disability and illness in Victorian women aged 15-44. It is responsible for more of the disease burden than high blood pressure, smoking or obesity.

(Vic Health, 2004)

Family Violence costs Australia about $8 billion per year, a substantial proportion of which is borne by the victims themselves.

(Vic Health, 2004)

93% of offenders are males.

(National Statistics – Crime & Safety Survey, 2002)

1 in 3 women, and 1 in 6 men, will be sexually abused before the age of 16.

(Fergusson & Mullen, 1999)

1 in 6 reports to Police of rape, and less than 1 in 7 reports of incest or sexual penetration of a child result in prosecutions.

(Sexual Offences: Law & Procedure Final Report, Victorian Law Reform Commission, 2004)

Family violence affects 1 in 5 women in Victoria.

(Victorian Government, Office of the Premier, A New Approach to Reduce Family Violence, Media Release, 27 April, 2007)

An estimated 27% of children who are in homes where violence was being experienced by a current partner had witnessed the violence.

(Australian Bureau of Statistics Personal Safety Survey, 2006)

In 2005 an estimated 44,100 persons aged 18 years and over were victims of at least one sexual assault.
This is a victimisation prevalence rate of 0.3%. Approx. 72,000 incidents of sexual assault were experienced by these victims.

(National Crime & Safety Surveys, 2005)

14% (1 in 7) of women sexually assaulted by a current partner and 16% (just over 1 in 6) by any other male, reported to the Police.

(Australian component of International Violence Against Women Survey, 2004)

80% of offenders sentenced in the past 6 years received a custodial sentence.

The average was 4 years 6 months – 5 years 6 months. Median was 5 years.

The sentences handed down to offenders ranged from as low as 12 months to highest 20 years.

(Sentencing Advisory Council website, 2008)

AGE AND GENDER

Girls between the ages of 10 and 14 were the greatest proportion of victim/survivors.

(A/C based on Police Data)

Young women between 15 and 24 years were the second largest category.

(A/C based on Police Data)

Older women experience violence and abuse at higher rates compared to older men.

(Quadara 2007)

WOMEN WITH A DISABILITY

Women with an intellectual disability are 50-90% more likely to be subjected to a sexual assault than women in the general population.

(Crossmaker, 1991)

Victorian Police data shows just over a quarter of all victims were identified as having a disability.

Of the above group, 15.6% had a psychiatric disability or mental health issue and 5.9% had an intellectual disability.

(Murray & Dowell, 2008)

WOMEN IN CUSTODIAL SETTINGS

In Australia 90% of Aboriginal women and 82% of non-Aboriginal women in prison have been sexually abused at some point in their lives.

(Sisters Inside, 2005)

INDIGENOUS WOMEN

Indigenous women are over represented as victims of interpersonal violence.

PEOPLE LIVING IN RURAL AND REMOTE AUSTRALIA

People living outside of capital cities and major cities are often excluded from large scale surveys. However Police figures show that interpersonal violence per head of population increases the further one lives from a capital city. This is true of all states, but is less marked in Victoria.

(Hogg & Carrington, 2006)